- Marina Management
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- Encourage boaters to exchange excess paints, thinners, varnishes, etc. To facilitate this type of activity, provide a visible location where boaters can post notices that they are seeking or have an excess of particular materials.
- Avoid having leftover materials by sizing up a job, evaluating what your actual needs are, and buying just enough product for the job. Encourage boaters to do the same.
- Minimize office waste: make double-sided copies; use scrap paper for notes and messages; purchase recycled office paper; and reuse polystyrene peanuts or give them to companies that will reuse them like small scale packing and shipping companies.
- Request alternative packing material from vendors, i.e., paper, potato starch peanuts, popcorn, etc.
- Discourage the use of plastic and styrofoam cups, food containers, utensils, and other non-biodegradable products.
- Post the names of local schools, churches, volunteer home renovation groups, theater groups, and others that are willing to accept excess, non-toxic paints.
Non-Hazardous Waste – Solid Waste
- Provide accessible, well-marked, well-lit and lidded trash and recycling receptacles. Empty and clean the receptacles at least weekly.
- Select containers that are large enough to hold the expected volume of trash. On average, 4 to 6 gallons capacity is needed per person per vessel per day. A cubic yard of dumpster space holds 216 gallons of trash.
- Contact a waste hauler or your local solid waste recycling coordinator to learn what materials are collected in your area.
- Post information about local recycling services if you are not able to provide all of the desired services at your facility.
- Do not place trashcans or recycling containers on docks, as waste may inadvertently blow into the water. Also, training boaters to bring their own trash to a central garbage area means less work for you and your staff.
- Require all employees to be involved in policing the facility for trash and vessel maintenance wastes. Do not allow litter to collect on the ground or near shore
- Use a pool skimmer or crab net to collect floating debris that collects along bulkheads or elsewhere within your marina.
- Plant or construct a windscreen around the dumpster to make the area more attractive and to prevent trash from blowing away. Use native shrubs.
Large amounts of fish guts deposited in an enclosed area can produce foul odors and impair water quality through decreased dissolved oxygen and increased bacteria levels.
- Provide facilities for fish cleaning and carcass disposal.
- Provide a stainless steel sink equipped with a garbage disposal that is connected to a sanitary sewer. (Note: fish heads, large carcasses, and fish skin will clog up the disposal.)
- Provide garbage containers for fish carcasses and empty garbage containers regularly.
- Prohibit fish cleaning outside of designated areas.
- Implement fish composting where appropriate.
- Use a grinder to make chum out of fish carcasses. Sell the chum at your marina store.
- Arrange for crabbers to take fish carcasses.
- Prohibit fish cleaning at your marina.
- Educate people on the water quality problems associated with excess fish waste in marina waters.
Hazardous Waste Generators are those companies that produce greater than 100 kilograms (about 220 pounds or 30 gallons) of hazardous waste during one calendar month or who store more than 100 kilograms at any one time. These businesses must register with EPA.
How Do You Know if a Substance is Hazardous?
All waste generators must determine whether or not their refuse is hazardous. The waste is hazardous if it exhibits one or more of the characteristics of hazardous materials: ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, or toxicity. A generator may either have the waste tested in an industrial laboratory to determine if it exhibits a hazardous characteristic or use knowledge of the waste, i.e., first hand experience or information gathering from a Material Safety Data Sheet.
Recycle Liquid Wastes
- Do not allow patrons to pour gasoline, solvents, paints, varnishes, or pesticides into the oil or antifreeze recycling containers. The introduction of these materials creates a hazardous waste, where the whole tank must be disposed of as hazardous waste: a very expensive undertaking.
- Provide separate containers to collect oil and antifreeze. Also, collect solvents from your boatyard according to hazardous waste regulations.
- Surround tanks with impervious, secondary containment that is capable of holding 110 percent of the volume of each tank.
- Try to shelter tanks from wind and rain.
- Attach funnels to tanks to reduce chances of spills. Funnels should be large enough to drain portable containers and oil filters. Use funnels with locking lids that screw into the bungs of 55-gallon drums.
- Post signs indicating what may and may not be placed in each tank.
- Check with your recycler to learn what materials may be mixed. In some cases, engine oil, transmission fluid, hydraulic fluid, and gear oil may all be placed in a waste oil container. Some haulers will also take diesel and kerosene. Ethylene glycol and propylene glycol antifreeze are often collected in the
same used antifreeze tank.
- Consider locking intakes to oil and antifreeze recycling containers to prevent contamination. Instruct your patrons to get the key from the appropriate staff person or to leave their oil or antifreeze next to the collection tank. Assign a staff member to inspect the collection site daily for any material that may have
been dropped off.
- Investigate waste haulers to insure that they actually recycle the collected material.
- Maintain shipping manifests for solvents and other hazardous wastes for a minimum of 3 years (manifests are not required for used oil and antifreeze that is being recycled).
- Minimize the use of hazardous products to reduce health and safety risks to your staff, tenants and contractors; lower disposal costs; decrease liability; and limit chances that you will be liable for costly clean-up of inappropriately disposed material.
- Do not store large amounts of hazardous materials. Purchase these materials in quantities that you will use up quickly.
- Establish a first-in first-out policy to reduce storage time. Dispose of excess material every 6 months.
- Label wastes properly, especially when different types of wastes are stored in the same area.
- Avoid using, to the greatest extent possible, products that are corrosive, reactive, toxic, or ignitable.
- Adopt an inventory control plan to minimize the amount of hazardous material you purchase, store, and dispose.
- Provide convenient, well-marked disposal sites.
- Put language in contract requiring proper disposal.
- Post signs by solid waste receptacles that prohibit disposal of hazardous waste.
- If your marina does not collect and dispose of hazardous waste on site, direct marina patrons about proper disposal of hazardous waste.
- Use signs, mailings, postings on bulletin boards, etc. Post collection center locations near the waste receptacles.
- Store solvents and other hazardous materials in closed, fire safe containers that are UL listed or Factory Mutual approved and meet U.S. Department of Transportation standards. Approved containers will carry specification markings (i.e., DOT 4B240ET).
- Plainly label all stored and containerized material. Mark the date accumulation begins and ends.
If you are a hazardous waste generator you will need to designate Satellite Accumulation Areas and/or
Accumulation Areas; containers must be labeled as Hazardous Waste and only the container full date needs to
be on the drum.
- Store containers on pallets in a protected, secure location away from drains and sources of ignition.
- Routinely inspect the storage area for leaks. Generators must inspect their containers weekly and document the inspections.
- Assign control of hazardous supplies to a limited number of people who have been trained to handle hazardous materials and understand the first-in, first-out policy.
- Routinely check the date of the materials to prevent them from outliving their shelf life.